Table of Contents

List of Saumya and Kroora Shashtyamshas
No rishibased book gives list of Kroora and Saumya Shashtyamshas. Here is my conclusion about Kroora Shashtyamshas (the remaining being Saumya) :
1,2,512,1516,3036,4044,48,5152,55,5960 (numbers indicate shashtyamshas according to BPHS (Brihat Parāshara Horā Shāstra) for odd sign of D1, for even signs the order is reversed).
There should be 30 Kroora and 30 Saumya Shashtyamshas to maintain symmetry (because mankind is half paapa and half punya yoni/specie).
I included following three Shashtyamshas among Kroora to preserve symmetry :
5 =Yaksha
6 =Kinnara
60=Indurekhaa / Chandrarekhaa
Marks on Moon (Indurekhaa) are blemishes. Kinnara is not a positive trait. Yaksha is not associated to singing (Gandharva does that) as wrongly translated by R Santhanam in his translation of BPHS. Epics and Puranas associate Yakshas as dangerous creatures, but not as lowly as Rakshasas.
Kroora or Inauspicious Shashtyamshas
Kroora Shashyamshas can be classed into two categories : 20 fully Kroora and 10 semiKroora shashtyamshas.
Fully Kroora shashtyamshas (Twenty)
Fully Kroora Shashtyamshas are as follows :
Rākshasa  2
Bhrashta  7
Kulaghna  8
Garala  9
Pureesha  12
Kāla(a)  15
Ahibhāga  16
Gulika  30
Mrityu  31
Kāla(b)  32
Kantaka  36
Vishadagdha  40
Kulanāsha  41
Vamshakshaya  42
Utpāta  43
Kālaroopa  44
Danshtrākarāla  48
Kālāgni  51
Dandāyudha  52
Kroora  55
Semi Kroora Shashtyamshas (Ten)
Ghora(a)  1
Yaksha  5
Kinnar  6
Agni  10
Māyā  11
Dāvāgni  33
Ghora(b)  34
Yama  34
Bhramana  59
Indurekhā  60
Saumya or Auspicious Shashtyamshas
Saumya Shashyamshas can also be classed into two categories : 20 fully Saumya and 10 semiSaumya Shashtyamshas.
Fully Saumya Shashtyamshas (Twenty)
Ten Shashtyamshas are undoubetdly fully Saumya :
Amrita(a)  17
Mridu  19
Sudhā(a)  37
Amrita(b)  38
Poornachandra  39
Indumukha  49
Praveena  50
Atisheetala  56
Sudhā(b)  57
Payodheesha  58
There are twenty remaining Saumya Shashtyamshas, half of which are fully Saumya and the other half is semiSaumya. I put the ten gods in the category of Fully Saumya :
Deva(a)  3
Apāmpati  13
Heramba  21
Brahma  22
Vishnu  23
Maheshwara  24
Deva(b)  25
Kshiteeshwara  28
Kamlākara  29
Marutvān  14
Semi Saumya Shashtyamshas (Ten)
The remaining ten Shashtyamshas are SemiSaumya :
Kubera  4
Chandra  18
Komala(a)  20
Ardrā  26
Kalināsha  27
Saumya(a)  45
Komala(b)  46
Sheetala  47
Nirmala  53
Saumya(b)  54
Why Reclassification into Fully and Semi Categories ?
Ten SemiSaumya and ten SemiKroora Shashtyamshas can be grouped into a set of Twenty Shashtyamshas, so that there will be 20 fully Saumya, 20 neutral, and 20 semiKroora Shashtyamshas, like DevaNaraRākshasa (or SatRajaTama guna) deities of Navāmsha. This reclassification of deities of Shashtyamshas is merely for comparison with deities of Navāmsha, actually the deities of Shashtyamshas cannot be classed into a set of 20 Neutral Shashtyamshas because the SemiSaumya Shashtyamshas are quite different and far more auspicious in nature than the SemiKroora Shashtyamshas, and it is better to stick to 30 Saumya and 30 Kroora Shashtyamshas. But it is clear that fully Kroora Shashtyamshas are worse than semiKroora Shashtyamshas , and similarly fully Saumya Shashtyamshas are more auspicious than SemiAuspicious Shashtyamshas. It is thus possible to reclassify all Shashtyamshas into four categories : Fully Saumya, SemiSaumya, SemiKroora, and Fully Kroora Shashtyamshas.
How To Use Shashtyamshas in Chart Reading ?
Shashtyamsha Varga (divisional) has highest vimshopaka strength, higher than even D1 or Lagna Kundali. The easiest method of using Shashtyamshas is to find out the deity of Shashtyamshas of the ruling planet of D1's Vimshottari dashā of any level. In well over 90% cases, you will find very clear correspondence between actual events and nature of Shashtyamshas, and the remaining few percents will be explained when you try to understand the inner meaning of Shashtyamshas and its relation with secret life of the native.
Meaning of Deities of D60 should be consulted from Sanskrit dictionary, and astrological effects of them should be judged from the meanings. R Santhanam's English translation of BPHS contains some good illustrations of how to use the peculiar meanings of D60 deities. But it is safer to divide them into Kroora and Saumya deities and judge the fruits accordingly as bad or good, which is a simplified but reliable method.
A more complicated method of using Shashtyamshas is to cast Shashtyamsha Chart or D60 at birth time and find the effects of its deities with respect to respective planets in D60 chart lorded by those deities.
The most complicated use of Shashtyamsha is DAC (Dashā Arambha Chakra), but it is most difficult task in astrology because it needs accuracy of birth time in milliseconds.
Phaladeepikā's list of Shashtyamshas
Hindi commentary of Phaladeepikā provides a wrong list of Kroora Shashtyamshas according to the Hindi commentary by Gopesha Kumar Ojha (published by Motilal Banarasidas), which is easily discernible if this list is compared with the names of Shashtyamshas. The Hindi commentary puts Kroora Shashtyamshas like Bhrashta, Kantaka, Kroora in Saumya list, among other errors. Moreover, only 23 Shashtyamshas are regarded as Kroora and 37 as Saumya according to the Hindi commentary. But this is based on a wrong interpretation of the Sanskrit verse of Phaladeepikā, in which we find "navam prasvanam" which means 'nine varieties of prasvana", which the Hindi commentator misinterpreted as two different Shashtyamshas Nava and Prasvana , instead of as nine different Shashtyamshas collectively called NavaPrasvana. Thus, there are seven extra Shashtyamshas according to the Sanskrit verse, raising the numbers of Kroora and Saumya Shashtyamshas to thirty each. But the linguistic code used by Phaladeepikā to name the numbers of Kroora Shashtyamshas is intriguing and hard to decipher. Here is the list of coded numbers of Kroora Shashtyamshas according to Phaladeepikā's Sanskrit verse :
Yagya (Yajna)
Ratna
Jana
Dhana
Naya
Pata
Roopa
Shuka
Nāga
Yoga
Khaga
Bala
Bhaga
Shilā
Dhooli
NavaPrasvanas (nine)
Lābha
Vishva
Diva
Kusha
Rama
Dhama
Nine Prasvanas are nine basic vowels of Devanāgari : a, i , u, R, LR, e, o, aN, aH (omitting seven long vowels A, I, U, RR, LRR, EI, OU). It is not clear which numbers they indicate in this verse of Phaladeepikā (chapter3, verse5).
Here is the list of Phaladeepikā juxtaposed with my findings of Kroora Shashtyamshas described above (the numbers below indicate the numerical index of Shashtyamshas according to BPHS) :
Yagya (Yajna)  1
Ratna  2
Jana  5
Dhana  6
Naya  7
Pata  8
Roopa  9
Shuka  10
Nāga  11
Yoga  12
Khaga  15
Bala  16
Bhaga  30
Shilā  31
Dhooli  32
1Prasvana  33
2Prasvana  34
3Prasvana  35
4Prasvana  36
5Prasvana  40
6Prasvana  41
7Prasvana  42
8Prasvana  43
9Prasvana  44
Lābha  48
Vishva  51
Diva  52
Kusha  55
Rama  59
Dhama  60
List of Shashtyamshas In Jātaka Pārijāta
**The list of sixty Shashtyamshas given in Jātaka Pārijāta differs from the list given in BPHS, and further research is needed to examine such issues.
The list of sixty deities of sixty Shashtyamshas given in BPHS is compared with the list given in Jātaka Pārijāta in the following table (when Jātaka Pārijāta gives same name as in BPHS, there is a dash in the column of Jātaka Pārijāta, and when Jātaka Pārijāta gives a synonymn of BPHS name, bracketed italics is used in the column of Jātaka Pārijāta).
List of Shashtyamshas  

Number  BPHS  Jātaka Pārijāta  
1  Ghora    
2  Raakhasa    
3  Deva    
4  Kubera    
5  Yaksha  (Yakshogana)  
6  Kinnara    
7  Bhrashta    
8  Kulaghna    
9  Garala    
10  Agni    
11  Maayaa    
12  Pureesha  Yama  
13  Apaampati  (Varuna)  
14  Marutvaan  Indra  
15  Kaala  Kalaa  
16  Ahibhaaga  (Sarpa)  
17  Amrita    
18  Chandra    
19  Mridu    
20  Komala    
21  Heramba  Padma  
22  Brahma  Vishnu  
23  Vishnu  Guru  
24  Maheshwar  (Shiva)  
25  Deva    
26  Aardra    
27  Kalinaasha    
28  Kshitishwara    
29  Kamalaakara    
30  Gulika  (Mandaatmaja)  
31  Mrityu  (Mrityukara)  
32  Kaala    
33  Daavaagni    
34  Ghora    
35  Yama  Adhama  
36  Kantaka    
37  Sudhaa    
38  Amrit    
39  Poorna Chandra    
40  VishaDagdha    
41  KulaNaasha    
42  VamshaKshaya  Mukhya  
43  Utpaata  VamshaKshaya  
44  Kaalaroopa  Utpaataka  
45  Saumya  Kaala  
46  Komala  Saumya  
47  Sheetala  Mridu  
48  DanshtraaKaraala  Komala  
49  ChandraMukha  DanshtraaKaraala  
50  Praveena  Indumukha  
51  Kaalaagni  Praveena  
52  DandaAyudha  Kaalaagni  
53  Nirmala  DandaAyudha  
54  Saumya  Nirmala  
55  Kroora  Shubhaakara  
56  AtiSheetala  Ashobhana  
57  Sudhaa  Sheetala  
58  Payodheesha  Sudhaasindhu  
59  Bhramana    
60  ChandraRekhaa   
30 Shashtyamshas are exactly same in both lists, 6 more are synonymns. One seems to be spelling mistake by some mediaeval scribe : Kaala versus Kalaa. Seventeen are due to change in numerical order of the Shashtyamsha, eg, VamshaKshaya is 42nd in BPHS but 43rd in Jātaka Pārijāta. Therefore, 36 are identical while 18 are due to errors in copying the manuscripts by some mediaeval scribe, and only six Shashtyamshas are actually different in both lists. If Kalaa is supposed to be a Kroora deity like Kaala, then Jātaka Pārijāta also contains exactly 30 Kroora and 30 Saumya deities. But Kalaa does not seem to be a Kroora deity, or a deity at all, and appears to be a copying error of the scribe. Yet, the list of Jātaka Pārijāta needs close examination.
This entire article is based on logical interpretation of classics, as well as practical studies of charts. More detailed astrological effects of Shashtyamshas can be searched in classics, although classics do not provide details in this field. No final conclusion has been drawn about Shashtyamshas because classics differ in the listings, but I prefer BPHS when there is room for doubt, and call for further research to ascertain the list in other texts. So far, practical test of Shashtyamshas according to the list of BPHS has proved to be correct in all the cases I have examined. Kundalee Software used the list of BPHS for D60 deities, but now the Jātaka Pārijāta list is also being added as an option.
VJ